Muzaffar Ahmad 1889-1973

Muzaffar Ahmad 1889-1973

Muzaffar Ahmad 1889-1973 One of the founders of the communist movement in India. Born in a middle class Muslim family in Sandip (now in Bangla Desh) on August 5, 1889. Started his career as a government employee. Edited daily Nabajug in 1920 with Qazi Nazrul Islam. Along with friend and comrade Abdul Halim, initiated communist work inside the national movement. Member of the Bengal Provincial Congress Committee during 1926-27 and 1937, and member of the All India Congress Committee during 1927-29 and in 1937. Joined the trade union movement in 1923. Was instrumental in founding various trade unions in and around Calcutta. Imprisoned several times for political and trade union activities. Sentenced to four years rigorous imprisonment in Kanpur Conspiracy Case in 1924. Released soon due to severe illness. One of the founders of the Workers’ and Peasants’ Party. Edited its organ, Ganavani. Joined the communist conference in Kanpur in 1925 and was elected to the Presidium of the CPI when it was reorganized in 1927. Was elected Vice-President of AITUC at the Jharia session in 1928. Convicted in the Meerut Conspiracy Case. Released in 1936. Elected President of the All India Kisan Sabha in 1936. Founded National Book Agency, the Party’s publishing house, and Ganashakti press. Author of several books, including his autobiography, Myself and the Communist Party of India, and Qazi Nazrul Islam Smritikatha. Was a member of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of India (Marxist) at the time of his death in December 18, 1973.